Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal
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September, 2017, Vol. 19, No. 3



Signalling molecules in jaw bones and gingival tissues of patients with Class II and Class III dentofacial deformities
Iveta Jankovska, Mara Pilmane, Ilga Urtane

Family history and risk factors for cleft lip and palate patients and their associated anomalies
Abdolreza Jamilian, Farzin Sarkarat, Mehrdad Jafari, Morteza Neshandar, Ehsan Amini, Saeed Khosravi, Alireza Ghassemi


Psychosocial factors correlated with children’s dental anxiety
Līga Kroniņa, Malgožata Rasčevska, Rūta Care


Serum and salivary lactate dehydrogenase levels as biomarkers of tissue damage among cigarette smokers. A bochemical study
Kumuda Rao, Subhas Babu, Urvashi A. Shetty, Renita Lorina Castelino, Shishir Ram Shetty



Histopathological and microradiological features of peri-implantits. A case report
Mustafa Ayna, Aydin Gulses, Yahya Açili


© 2017 Stomatologija

Stomatologija 2017; 19 (3):97-100 230 KB

Histopathological and microradiological features of peri-implantitis. A case report

Mustafa Ayna1, Aydin Gulses2, Thomas Ziebart3, Andreas Neff3, Yahya Açili2


Aim. The aim of this study was to describe the histological characteristics of a peri-implantitis case in the anterior maxilla.

Case report. A dental implant inserted in the missing upper right lateral incisor region has been removed with its adjacent tissues. The samples were placed in 4% formalin for 10 days and, were embedded in methacrylate prior to sawing and grinding. The samples were processed with Donath´s sawing and grinding technique, stained with toluidine blue and mounted on high-sensitivity plates for histology and microradiography.

The structure of the connective tissue revealed that there was a lack of collagen fibers running parallel to the implant surface. The connective tissue showed a loose granulation tissue with medium-density lymphocyte infiltration and neutrophilic leukocytes. In addition to the collagen loss in the infiltrated tissue, an excessive bone resorption was present. Peripherally, the light microscopy showed the osteoclasts and their adhesive apparatus which promote bone resorption.

Conclusion. With the increasing number of implants being placed, peri-implantitis has become much more prevalent. Every additional study focusing on the characteristics of peri-implantitis would be beneficial to gain an understanding of bone and soft tissue behavior around the implant and could help to develop appropriate therapeutic approaches for peri-implant disease.

Key words: peri-implantitis, histology, dental implant.

Received: 07 08 2016

Accepted for publishing: 28 09 2017

1Clinic of Implantology and Periodontology, Duisburg, Germany

2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany

3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, UKGM Giessen/Marburg, Marburg, Germany


Address correspondence to Aydin Gulses, Mevki Military Hospital 06130 Diskapi Altindag, Ankara, Turkey.

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