Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal
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September, 2017, Vol. 19, No. 3



Signalling molecules in jaw bones and gingival tissues of patients with Class II and Class III dentofacial deformities
Iveta Jankovska, Mara Pilmane, Ilga Urtane

Family history and risk factors for cleft lip and palate patients and their associated anomalies
Abdolreza Jamilian, Farzin Sarkarat, Mehrdad Jafari, Morteza Neshandar, Ehsan Amini, Saeed Khosravi, Alireza Ghassemi


Psychosocial factors correlated with children’s dental anxiety
Līga Kroniņa, Malgožata Rasčevska, Rūta Care


Serum and salivary lactate dehydrogenase levels as biomarkers of tissue damage among cigarette smokers. A bochemical study
Kumuda Rao, Subhas Babu, Urvashi A. Shetty, Renita Lorina Castelino, Shishir Ram Shetty



Histopathological and microradiological features of peri-implantits. A case report
Mustafa Ayna, Aydin Gulses, Yahya Açili


© 2017 Stomatologija

Stomatologija 2017; 19 (3):84-90 230 KB

Psychosocial factors correlated with children’s dental anxiety

Līga Kroniņa1, Malgožata Rasčevska2, Rūta Care3


Authors developed an idea of seven blocks with different psychosocial factors that could correlate with children’s dental anxiety and explain its variance. Aim of the study was to evaluate correlation between psychosocial factors and children’s dental anxiety.

Totally, 240 randomly selected children (mean age M=7.96, SD=2.61, range 4 to 12) and their parents took part in the study. Parents evaluated their own (MDAS) and their children’s anxiety (CFSS-DS). Psychosocial factors were evaluated by a large questionnaire, developed for this study. Dental status was fixed and child’s behavior in dental setting was evaluated with Frankl’s scale. Pearson’s correlation of CDA with all variables and stepwise linear regression with the correlating variables within the seven psychosocial factor blocks was performed.

Dental experience and attitude factors (crying at dentist and dental treatment with difficulties) as well as Children’s personality and behavior factors (general anxiety and children’s behavior at dentist) gave the most effect on CDA, totally explaining 56% and 54% of variance, respectively. Children’s medical experience and attitude factors (anxiety and caution towards doctors) as well as Parental/information factors (parental dental anxiety, promising prizes before treatment) explained 34% and 31% of CDA variance, respectively. Socio-economic factors (number of children and mother’s age) explained 15%, but oral care habits and attitude (brushing as obligation) – 14% of CDA variance. Family distress factors had no correlation with CDA and were excluded of further analysis.

Children’s dental anxiety variance is at best explained by Child’s dental experience and attitude factors and Child’s personality and behavior factors.

Key words: dental anxiety, dental fear, psychosocial factors, variance of dental anxiety.

Received: 23 03 2017

Accepted for publishing: 28 09 2017

1Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Institute of Stomatology, Riga Stradins University, Latvia

2Faculty of Education, Psychology and Arts, Latvian University, Latvia

3Department of Conservative Dentistry, Riga Stradins University, Latvia


Address correspondence to Līga Kroniņa, Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Institute of Stomatology, Riga Stradins University Dzirciema 20, Rīga, LV-1007.

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