Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal
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December, 2019, Vol. 21, No. 4



The impact of the hyoid bone position on the pharyngeal airway characteristics among different facial skeletal patterns
Eglė Šadzevičiūtė, Julija Nazimova, Giedrė Trakinienė

Influence of preterm birth for child's oral health status
Sandra Žemgulytė, Ingrida Vasiliauskienė, Eglė Slabšinskienė, Kristina Saldūnaitė,
Julija Narbutaitė

An in vitro evaluation of microleakage of class V composite restorations using universal adhesive under different level of cavity moisture conditions
Alma Pranckevičienė, Rūta Narbutaitė, Jolanta Siudikienė, Robertas Damaševičius,
Rytis Maskeliūnas

Oral health of 12 and 15 year-old adolescents living in the social care homes in south of Lithuania
Austeja Rimaviciute, Modesta Domeikaite, Laura Mazecaite-Vaitilaviciene, Ruta Bendinskaite, Alina Puriene


The use of a porcine-derived collagen matrix for vertical soft tissue augmentation. A case report
Algirdas Puišys, Andrius Jonaitis, Eglė Vindašiūtė, Saulius Žukauskas, Tomas Linkevičius

© 2019 Stomatologija

Stomatologija 2019; 21 (4): 119-24 135 KB

Oral health of 12 and 15 year-old adolescents living in the social care homes in south of Lithuania

Austeja Rimaviciute1, Modesta Domeikaite1, Laura Mazecaite-Vaitilaviciene2, Ruta Bendinskaite1, Alina Puriene1


Objectives. To evaluate oral health conditions and determine risk factors of dental caries of adolescents living in social care homes in the South of Lithuania and to compare the results with adolescents of the same age in general population.

Materials and methods. Subjects of study are 12 and 15 year-old adolescents from all social care homes and 3 schools of Alytus county, Marijampole county and Vilnius city. 55 adolescents living in social care homes (study group) and 55 adolescents living outside social risk families (control group) were clinically examined between February and September of 2019. The clinical study assessed: 1) the prevalence and incidence of caries using the decayed-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index, 2) the oral hygiene status using the Silness and Loe index, 3) the salivary buffer capacity using Ivoclar Vivadent CRT Buffer indicators. The R-package was used for statistical analyses. Threshold for statistical significance set at p<0.05.

Results. Prevalence and incidence of caries in study group was higher compared with adolescents of the same age in general population – prevalence 81.82 % and 69.1 %, respectively, DMFT medians 3 and 1, respectively. Social living environment, age or gender were not statistically significant determinants for oral hygiene or salivary buffer capacity. The correlation between oral hygiene and DMFT indices was statistically significant. Both – oral hygiene and salivary buffer capacity – fit into linear regression model and were statistically significant.

Conclusions. Adolescents, living in social care homes, were found to have poorer oral health with higher prevalence of caries than those living in families. Poor oral hygiene and low salivary buffer capacity have been identified as significant risk factors for the development of caries.

Key words: oral health, dental caries, oral hygiene, dental plaque, foster home care.

Received: 01 04 2019

Accepted for publishing: 24 12 2019

1Vilnius University, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Odontology, Vilnius, Lithuania

2Vilnius university hospital Zalgiris clinic, Vilnius, Lithuania

Address correspondence to Austėja Rimavičiūtė, Vilnius University, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Odontology, Ramunių g.8, Alytus, Lithuania.

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