Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal
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September, 2019, Vol. 21, No. 3



Testing of Lithuanian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 among older adults. A Pilot study
Mantė Kireilytė, Viltė Masiliūnaitė, Vilma Belickienė, Juozas Žilinskas, Žana Sakalauskienė


Application of a new patient-reported outcome measure in orofacial clefts: An exploratory study in two countries
Van Thai Nguyen, Martin Persson, Triin Jagomägi

Rugae patterns as an adjunct to sex differentiation in forensic identification
Rahul Gaikwad, Seema Kamble, Ritwik Rana, Swapnil Jain, Shailesh Gondivkar,
Payal Bajad

Epidemiology of primary oral cancer diagnostics among dentists and physicians in Lithuania
Rokas Gelažius, Albinas Gervickas, Žygimantas Petronis, Eglė Vaičiūnaitė


A rare case of long-standing mucoepidermoid carcinoma of minor salivary glands of the palate
Sajad Ahmad Buch, G. Subhas Babu, Renita Lorina Castelino, Shruthi Rao, Kumuda Rao

© 2019 Stomatologija

Stomatologija 2019; 21 (3): 79-82 90 KB

Rugae patterns as an adjunct to sex differentiation in forensic identification

Rahul Gaikwad1 , Seema Kamble2, Ritwik Rana3, Swapnil Jain4, Shailesh Gondivkar5, Payal Bajad6


The aim of the study was to identify the different patterns of palatal rugae and gender differences in rugae pattern in Maharashtra population thereby highlighting the importance of palatal rugae in establishing person’s identity. The 600 dental casts of age 18 years and above were included in the study. The rugae were delineated using a sharp graphite pencil under adequate light and magnification and information was recorded about shape, number, size and direction of the palatal rugae. The most commonly noticed rugae among the total study participants primary and secondary. Among the patterns of rugae wavy (92.3%) was most common and significantly more among females. The point (9.8%) type of rugae was the only pattern found to be more in males. It may be concluded that the rugae pattern can be an additional method for post mortem identification in conjunction with the other methods such as visual, fingerprints and dental characteristics in forensic sciences.

Key words: forensic science, forensic odontology, palatine rugae, human identification, rugae patterns, criminal investigations.

Received: 05 04 2017

Accepted for publishing: 20 09 2019

1Department of Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Buraydah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

2Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

3Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

4People’s College of Dental Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

5M.G.V’s K.B.H. Dental College, Nashik, Maharashtra, India

6Department of Health And Medical Education, School of life and Medical sciences, Univeristy of Hertfordshire, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

Address correspondence to Seema Kamble, Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. E-mail address: