|Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal|
March, 2008, Vol. 10, No. 1
Maxillary complete denture outcome with two-implant supported mandibular overdentures. A systematic review
Papilla Preservation Technique combined with Emdogain® in the treatment of intrabony defects: a novel treatment regimen for chronic periodontitis
© 2008 Stomatologija
Stomatologija 2008; 10 (1): 27-35 226 KB
Biologic Width Around Implants. An Evidence-Based Review
Tomas Linkevicius, Peteris Apse
Purpose. The concept of biologic width forms a basis for successful peri-implant soft tissue integration around titanium implants. Therefore, the objectives of this review are to determine and critically evaluate the present knowledge about biologic width around implants and to establish future research trends.
Materials and Methods. The literature was selected through several electronic databases, as well as a manual search in the major dental implant, prosthetic and periodontal journals. The reviewed data was published in English from 1980 to December 2007. Questions for systematic review were formulated. Abstracts, chapters from books, and unpublished materials were excluded, as they do not meet criteria for evidence-based studies. Articles were prioritized according to the value of different study types on the same issue. In vitro studies and literature reviews were excluded. The included publications were clinical, human histology and animal studies.
Results. In total, 75 articles were obtained. After two rounds of evaluation and criteria application 54 papers remained for final appraisal, namely 2 clinical papers, 8 human histology and 44 animal studies were analysed. Twenty-one full-text articles were excluded.
Conclusions. Evidence analysis shows that the present knowledge about biologic width around implants is mainly derived from animal studies and that clinical controlled human studies are insufficient.
Key words: biologic width, crestal bone loss, implant, abutment, peri-implant soft tissues.
Received: 17 01 2008
Accepted for publishing: 26 03 2008
1Vilnius Implantology Center, Vilnius, Lithuania
Tomas Linkevicius1 DDS, Dip. Pros.
Address correspondence to Tomas Linkevicius, Vilnius Implantology Center, Kalvariju str. 121-2, LT-08221, Vilnius, Lithuania.