|Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal|
September, 2013, Vol. 15, No. 3
LETTER TO EDITOR
Oral cancer calibration and diagnosis among professionals from the public health in São Paulo, Brazil
© 2013 Stomatologija
Stomatologija 2013; 15 (3): 67-72 220 KB
Relationship between breastfeeding, bottle-feeding and development of malocclusion
Indrė Narbutytė, Agnė Narbutytė, Laura Linkevičienė
The importance of breastfeeding to the child‘s psychological and physical development is evidence-based. However, scientific literature contains controversial opinions on its influence to the development of maxillofacial system. This article aims at reviewing the effects of breastfeeding and bottle-feeding to the development of malocclusion and non-nutritive sucking habits. Thirty-four articles analyzing the above mentioned associations were selected from Pubmed database. Breastfeeding and bottle-feeding may have different impact on the development of maxillofacial system due to unequal functional load of certain facial muscles involved in the feeding processes. Shortage of scientific research prevents from relating bottle-feeding with the development of skeletal malocclusions. Prolonged breastfeeding may have protective effect on developing posterior crossbite and anterior openbite. However, conflicting opinions have been observed. It has been stated that longer duration of breastfeeding diminishes the risk of acquiring non – nutritive sucking habits.
Key words: breastfeeding, feeding methods, malocclusion, maxillofacial development, fingersucking.
Received: 01 10 2012
Accepted for publishing: 23 09 2013
*Institute of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
Indrė Narbutytė* – postgraduate student
Agnė Narbutytė* – student
Laura Linkevičienė* – PhD
Address correspondence to Indrė Narbutytė, Institute of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Zalgirio str. 115, 08217 Vilnius, Lithuania.
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